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蓝海人类学在线 Ryan WEI's Forum of Anthropology

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求卫拉特诸部的Y-DNA的问题

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发表于 2018-5-7 12:57 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
卫拉特诸部(准噶尔 土尔扈特 杜尔伯特 和硕特)是不是普遍C3c比较高?yungsiyebu老师好像说过类似的东西。刚接触这门学科不久,结合技术及历史文献对我来说还比较牵强
发表于 2018-10-18 14:25 | 显示全部楼层
蒙古族中m48比例最高的部落,但都是sk1064
发表于 2019-5-5 01:13 | 显示全部楼层
Y-chromosomal analysis of clan structure of Kalmyks, the only European Mongol people, and their relationship to Oirat-Mongols of Inner Asia

Natalia Balinova et al.
European Journal of Human Genetics (2019)
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41431-019-0399-0

Abstract
Kalmyks, the only Mongolic-speaking population in Europe, live in the southeast of the European Plain, in Russia. They adhere to Buddhism and speak a dialect of the Mongolian language. Historical and linguistic evidence, as well a shared clan names, suggests a common origin with Oirats of western Mongolia; yet, only a limited number of genetic studies have focused on this topic. Here we compare the paternal genetic relationship of Kalmyk clans with ethnographically related groups from Mongolia, Kyrgyzstan and China, within the context of their neighbouring populations. A phylogeny of 37 high-coverage Y-chromosome sequences, together with further genotyping of larger sample sets, reveals that all the Oirat-speaking populations studied here, including Kalmyks, share, as a dominant paternal lineage, Y-chromosomal haplogroup C3c1-M77, which is also present in several geographically distant native Siberian populations. We identify a subset of this clade, C3c1b-F6379, specifically enriched in Kalmyks as well as in Oirat-speaking clans in Inner Asia. This sub-clade coalesces at around 1500 years before present, before the Genghis Khan era, and significantly earlier than the split between Kalmyks and other Oirat speakers about 400 years ago. We also show that split between the dominant hg C variant among Buryats—C3-M407—and that of C3-F6379, took place in the Early Upper Palaeolithic, suggesting an extremely long duration for the dissipation of hg C3-M217 carriers across northern Eurasia, which cuts through today’s major linguistic phyla.

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发表于 2019-5-5 01:34 | 显示全部楼层

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发表于 2019-5-5 01:35 | 显示全部楼层

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发表于 2019-5-5 01:35 | 显示全部楼层

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发表于 2019-8-12 13:39 | 显示全部楼层


         这张频度一览表很有意思。如果仅从这个表中,倒是不妨推测蒙古族群父系的形成,主要与两大类型有关:
1、第一大类无疑是C2北支类型(其中M48下面的F6379类型在蒙古帝国初期可能得到了一次很好的爆发,而其他M48支系可能遭受了不同程度的瓶颈(除了个别的贵族小簇)。  从目前蒙古地区的古DNA数据来看,C2北应该在7千年BP之后分批次的来自通古斯地区,应该是他们带来了蒙古语中浓烈的通古斯成分;
2、第二大类则是J2a2-下面的PH3085支系(似可定义为西匈奴支系,蓝突厥王室很有可能出自这个支系),应该是他们带来了蒙古语中的突厥语成分。
   以上二者结合,形成了最早的蒙古语族群,时间可能是东汉末期“十多万匈奴人皆自号鲜卑”时期~

卡尔梅克-俄国-蒙古-新疆-相关族群-2019.jpg
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