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Nature Communications:The genetic prehistory of the Baltic Sea region

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发表于 2018-1-30 18:40 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
本帖最后由 wmch_928 于 2018-1-30 18:54 编辑

The genetic prehistory of the Baltic Sea region

Alissa Mittnik, Chuan-Chao Wang, Saskia Pfrengle, Mantas Daubaras, Gunita Zariņa, Fredrik Hallgren, Raili Allmäe, Valery Khartanovich, Vyacheslav Moiseyev, Mari Tõrv, Anja Furtwängler, Aida Andrades Valtueña, Michal Feldman, Christos Economou, Markku Oinonen, Andrejs Vasks, Elena Balanovska, David Reich, Rimantas Jankauskas, Wolfgang Haak, Stephan Schiffels & Johannes Krause

Abstract
While the series of events that shaped the transition between foraging societies and food producers are well described for Central and Southern Europe, genetic evidence from Northern Europe surrounding the Baltic Sea is still sparse. Here, we report genome-wide DNA data from 38 ancient North Europeans ranging from ~9500 to 2200 years before present. Our analysis provides genetic evidence that hunter-gatherers settled Scandinavia via two routes. We reveal that the first Scandinavian farmers derive their ancestry from Anatolia 1000 years earlier than previously demonstrated. The range of Mesolithic Western hunter-gatherers extended to the east of the Baltic Sea, where these populations persisted without gene-flow from Central European farmers during the Early and Middle Neolithic. The arrival of steppe pastoralists in the Late Neolithic introduced a major shift in economy and mediated the spread of a new ancestry associated with the Corded Ware Complex in Northern Europe.

doi:10.1038/s41467-018-02825-9
 楼主| 发表于 2018-1-30 18:46 | 显示全部楼层
“We suggest that the Siberian and East Asian related ancestry in Estonia, and Y-haplogroup N in north-eastern Europe, where it is widespread today, arrived there after the Bronze Age, ca. 500 calBCE, as we detect neither in our Bronze Age samples from Lithuania and Latvia. As Uralic speaking populations of the Volga-Ural region show high frequencies of haplogroup N, a connection was proposed with the spread of Uralic language speakers from the east that contributed to the male gene pool of Eastern Baltic populations and left linguistic descendants in the Finno-Ugric languages Finnish and Estonian. A potential future direction of research is the identification of the proximate population that contributed to the arrival of this eastern ancestry into Northern Europe.”
发表于 2018-1-30 18:55 | 显示全部楼层
呵呵,团队还是蛮豪华的。看到传超博士也在其中吖,恭喜恭喜~
发表于 2018-1-30 18:58 | 显示全部楼层
想不到乌拉尔人殖民北欧这么晚,有一点出乎意料,会不会将来的考古有新发现呢?

不过想想也可能是正常的,青铜时代东欧人群对相对落后的北欧地区有一次较大的冲击,乌拉尔人可能意外得益~
发表于 2018-1-30 21:07 | 显示全部楼层
4# imvivi001 像塞伊玛图尔宾诺这种对北欧亚森林地带影响应该很大,
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