蓝海人类学在线 Ryan WEI's Forum of Anthropology

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发表于 2013-9-7 10:07 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
Anthropologic and DNA analysis of human remains recovered from a graveyard in ©opot near Benkovac (Croatia) dating to the 14th/15th century was conducted in order to reconstruct the origin and life conditions of the people populating the region at that time. The dynamics of the population represented in this graveyard are important for understanding Croatian history because the deceased individuals were buried according to pagan ritual which was uncommon in a post Christianization period. Human remains from a total of 31 graves were analyzed, in which 47 individuals were found (9 female, 23 male and 15 children). Average age at death for adults was lower than expected (for female 28.9, male 32.4 years), suggesting that the living conditions of these individuals were poor. In addition, 10 antemortem traumas were visible on 6 adults, which is a higher rate than expected, and indicates potential violence within the population group. Finally, mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) analysis was performed on hypervariable regions one and two for 46 of the individuals. Due to the age and condition of the remains, only 19 of the samples yielded full sequence profiles. Haplogroup analysis was performed for these 19 individuals, with the majority of the results falling within the most common groups in present-day Croatia. However, examination of the lesscommon haplogroups suggested a possible migration of individuals from Asia. Collectively, the physical and molecular results from this study provide evidence to suggest that individuals recovered from this gravesite are not from the current indigenous population.
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