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蓝海人类学在线 Ryan WEI's Forum of Anthropology

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中国语言与基因多样性的关联

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发表于 2013-8-6 09:54 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
Correlation between the linguistic affinity and genetic diversity of Chinese ethnic groups

Hao Sun, Chi Zhou, Xiaoqin Huang, Shuyuan Liu, Keqin Lin, Liang Yu, Kai Huang, Jiayou Chu and Zhaoqing Yang

Abstract
As the world’s most populous nation, China exhibits a population with 56 nationalities. We already know the associations between genetic relationship of these ethnic groups in China and their geographic distributions are closely. However, the correlations between genetic diversity and linguistic affinities have still not been fully revealed in China. To investigate these correlations, 31 populations and 1527 samples were chosen, and the languages of this population covered all of the languages spoken in mainland China (including 8 main linguistic families and 16 subfamilies). The genetic polymorphisms of the populations were investigated using 10 autosomal microsatellites. Five ethnic groups, which included 234 samples, were genotyped in this survey, and the data collected from the other 26 populations were obtained from our previous study. An analysis of molecular variance, principal coordinate analysis, clustering analysis using the STRUCTURE and the Mantel test were used to investigate the correlations between genetic diversity and linguistic affinity. These analyses indicated that most populations who speak the same language demonstrate a similar genetic composition, although a few populations deviated from this linkage between genetics and language. The demographic histories of these populations who deviated from this linkage were investigated. Obvious reasons for why evolutionary processes of genetics and linguistics separated in these populations included geographic isolation, gene replacement, language replacement and intermarriage. Thus, we proposed that the consistency of genetic and linguistic evolution is still present in most populations in China; however, this consistency can be broken by many factors, such as isolation, language replacement or intermarriage.

http://www.nature.com/jhg/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/jhg201379a.html

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发表于 2013-8-6 14:27 | 显示全部楼层
语言是需要基因支持的,没有某类基因的人会永远无法学会需要这类基因的语音!比如世界第2大语言印地语就需要有能够分辨浊送气塞音的基因的人,没有这种基因的宝宝会永远无法听到浊送气塞音,这不是母语与否的问题!语言有很多分子人类学的秘密!我认为人类基本继承了各地直立人的语言
发表于 2013-8-11 08:46 | 显示全部楼层
不错,求全文~
发表于 2013-8-11 08:51 | 显示全部楼层
Thus, we proposed that the consistency of genetic and linguistic evolution is still present in most populations in China; however, this consistency can be broken by many factors, such as isolation, language replacement or intermarriage.
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          从他们的语气中感觉汉语大致是与各地汉族Y比例相符的(可能西北一些地区比较特殊),同时也再次提示,汉语是一种混合语基础上发展出来的新语言集合~
发表于 2013-8-11 08:55 | 显示全部楼层
Thus, we proposed that the consistency of genetic and linguistic evolution is still present in most populations in China; however, this consistency can be broken by many factors, such as isolation, language replacement or intermarriage.
  -----------------------------------------------------------------

          从他们的语气中感觉汉语大致是与各地汉族Y比例相符的(可能西北某些地区比较特殊),同时也再次提示,汉语是一种混合语基础上发展出来的新语言集合~
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