蓝海人类学在线 Ryan WEI's Forum of Anthropology

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发表于 2010-1-23 16:21 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
Genetic Affinities of the Andaman Islanders, a Vanishing Human Population

Kumarasamy Thangaraj1, Lalji Singh1, Alla G. Reddy1, V.Raghavendra Rao2, Subhash C. Sehgal3, Peter A. Underhill4, Melanie Pierson5, Ian G. Frame6 and Erika Hagelberg6, ,  

Background: The Andaman Islands in the Bay of Bengal are inhabited by hunter-gatherers of unknown origin, now on the verge of extinction. The Andamanese and other Asian small-statured peoples, traditionally known as Negritos, resemble African pygmies. However, it is generally believed that they descend from the early Australo-Melanesian settlers of Southeast Asia and that their resemblance to some Africans is due to adaptation to a similar environment, rather than shared origins.Results: We analyzed mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) sequences and RFLP polymorphisms, and Y chromosome biallelic markers and microsatellites, in present-day Andamanese of the Onge, Jarawa, and Great Andamanese tribes, and of inhabitants of the neighboring Nicobar Islands. We also analyzed mtDNA sequences from Andamanese hair samples collected by an ethnographer during 19061908. Living Andamanese exhibit low genetic variability that is consistent with their small population size and reproductive isolation.Conclusions: Our data indicate that the Andamanese have closer affinities to Asian than to African populations and suggest that they are the descendants of the early Palaeolithic colonizers of Southeast Asia. In contrast, the Nicobarese have genetic affinities to groups widely distributed throughout Asia today, presumably descended from Neolithic agriculturalists.

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